Nepal must focus on diversifying energy sources: Experts – myRepublica

KATHMANDU, Aug 12: Experts have said that when Nepal generates energy, it should pay attention to the aspect of different energy sources (energy mix).

They argue that when talking about clean energy, hydroelectricity is given higher priority and less importance is given to sources like wind, solar and biogas. Nepal aims to generate 15,000 megawatts of electricity by 2030 and meet 15% of total energy demand with renewable energy.

Baburaj Adhikari, a senior divisional engineer at the Ministry of Energy, Water Resources and Irrigation, believes Nepal should come up with a clear plan on how to move forward in the energy mix. According to the energy white paper released by the ministry in 2018 and the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) target submitted by Nepal to the United Nations under the Paris Agreement, Nepal will produce 5,000 megawatts of hydroelectricity by 2030.

Senior Divisional Engineer Adhikari said Nepal should pay attention to expanding transmission lines for locally generated electricity. Adhikari argued that the transmission lines are needed for both domestic consumption and export as more electricity will be generated, exceeding demand even in winter over the next two years.

Speaking at the energy policy debate program organized by WWF and the Prakriti Resources Center, another speaker, Mohan Das Manandhar of the Niti Foundation, said that although 33% of the current fiscal year’s budget has been allocated to the fight against climate change, there is a lack of programmes.

He said that climate change has been linked to previous programs, the province has allocated a budget under the title of climate change, but there has been no budget allocation at the local level. He said that although the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank have increased their investments in the fight against climate change, the institutional structure to use these investments has not been formed.

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