Pakistan plans to produce enough renewable energy sources till 2030
The threats regarding the use of non-renewable energy have been preached enough, and now everyone is starting to take action to save the environment and use renewable energy resources. Pakistan has also started to move towards more efficient renewable energy resources instead of expensive petroleum products. The government-appointed committee is preparing the new policy, which will pave the way for Pakistan to create a 30% energy mix from renewable resources.
Pakistan is lagging behind competitors in its region, and our focus should have shifted from importing oil to manufacturing renewable energy resources long ago. This is why Pakistan is under a massive debt crisis and cannot meet its energy needs. If Pakistan focuses on all means of renewable energy like wind, solar and biofuels, then Pakistan would not have to import so much gasoline from other countries and start its journey to success.
If we talk about solar energy, Pakistan is making progress at the national and public levels. There is a vast production and supply of solar panels, which people install on their roofs and use more solar electricity than ordinary electricity and save the cost and national electricity supply. Many private sector offices have installed many solar panels on their roofs and their offices are powered solely by solar energy; it saves them electricity cost and benefits the country.
Pakistan adopted the process of generating electricity from running water quite early, as Pakistan has many rivers in Punjab and Sindh region. But after initial successes, governments failed to sustain progress. The last government seemed passionate about building new dams on the Indus River named Diamer Basha Dam and Kalabagh Dam, these dams are still in their infancy and would take many years to complete.
In terms of wind power generation and biofuels, Pakistan has made virtually no progress. Wind has great potential in Pakistan in South Punjab and North Sind region, where many lands are desert and solar, and Pakistan can create wind power in massive quantities. Biofuel, on the other hand, is a bit more complex subject, it requires advanced experimentation and its cost is high. But many Pakistani students are contributing to biofuel innovation and hopefully we can scale the industry to a level that can contribute to national prosperity.
Pakistan must learn from its neighbours, India has been able to create 150GW of electricity from renewable resources last year and China gains about 790GW electricity from renewable energy sources. Unfortunately, Pakistan is only 38700 MW of electricity of which only about 17641 MW is produced by renewable energy resources.