power plants – Energy Tower http://energytower.org/ Thu, 17 Mar 2022 06:06:15 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://energytower.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/02/icon-2022-02-03T174243.577.png power plants – Energy Tower http://energytower.org/ 32 32 A third of Australia’s electricity came from renewable energy sources in 2021 – The Market Herald https://energytower.org/a-third-of-australias-electricity-came-from-renewable-energy-sources-in-2021-the-market-herald/ Thu, 17 Mar 2022 05:02:26 +0000 https://energytower.org/a-third-of-australias-electricity-came-from-renewable-energy-sources-in-2021-the-market-herald/ Subscribe Be the first with news that moves the market Australian carbon markets had a record year in 2021 with almost a third of all electricity generated on average coming from renewable energy sources The results were published today in the Clean Energy Regulator’s December 2021 Carbon Market Quarterly Report (QCMR) and are double what […]]]>

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  • Australian carbon markets had a record year in 2021 with almost a third of all electricity generated on average coming from renewable energy sources
  • The results were published today in the Clean Energy Regulator’s December 2021 Carbon Market Quarterly Report (QCMR) and are double what they were in 2017.
  • The improvement was attributed to the fifth year of record-breaking rooftop solar PV installations as well as increased investment in large wind and solar power plants
  • A record number of Australia’s Large Scale Generation Certificates and Carbon Credit Units have been canceled as the wider community voluntarily shows support for renewables and net emissions reductions

Australian carbon markets had a banner year in 2021 with almost a third of all electricity generated on average coming from renewable energy sources.

The results were published today in the Clean Energy Regulator’s December 2021 Carbon Market Quarterly Report (QCMR) and are double what they were in 2017.

The improvement was attributed to the fifth year of record-breaking rooftop solar PV installations as well as increased investment in large wind and solar power plants.

Industry, Energy and Emissions Reduction Minister Angus Taylor said Australia leads the world in rooftop solar absorption.

“Australia now has more solar generation capacity per person than any country in the world, and more wind and solar power than any country outside of Europe,” he said. declared.

“There is an 11-year trend of growth in the share of electricity from renewable sources, which bottomed out in 2008-09 at just 7.5% under Labour.

“Last year saw another record for the Emissions Reduction Fund (ERF), with 17 million Australian Carbon Credit Units (ACCUs) issued, representing 17 million tonnes of carbon emissions stored or avoided. “

A record number of Australia’s large-scale generation certificates and carbon credit units have been canceled as the wider community voluntarily shows support for renewables and net emissions reductions.

According to the Clean Energy Regulator, units and certificates issued in Australian carbon markets reduced emissions by the equivalent of 58 million tonnes in 2021, 9.1% more than in 2020.

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Biogas Power Plant Market 2022 Top Key Players | SP Renewable Energy Sources Pvt. Ltd, Beijing Sanyi Green Energy Development, CEZ Group, Beijing DQY Agriculture Technology https://energytower.org/biogas-power-plant-market-2022-top-key-players-sp-renewable-energy-sources-pvt-ltd-beijing-sanyi-green-energy-development-cez-group-beijing-dqy-agriculture-technology/ Tue, 15 Mar 2022 08:26:02 +0000 https://energytower.org/biogas-power-plant-market-2022-top-key-players-sp-renewable-energy-sources-pvt-ltd-beijing-sanyi-green-energy-development-cez-group-beijing-dqy-agriculture-technology/ Global Biogas Power Plant Market Report Highlights Latest Market Advancements Amid COVID-19 Pandemic Market research store has published the latest report on the global Biogas Power Plant Market. The report provides all the valuable data based on the fundamental fragmentation of the market into different sectors. In this research report, different vital elements including competitive […]]]>

Global Biogas Power Plant Market Report Highlights Latest Market Advancements Amid COVID-19 Pandemic

Market research store has published the latest report on the global Biogas Power Plant Market. The report provides all the valuable data based on the fundamental fragmentation of the market into different sectors. In this research report, different vital elements including competitive landscape, geographical spread, market dynamics, market share, and other market growth attributes. The report on the Biogas Power Plant Market also covers market breakdown and size through detailed study of regional and company profiles. The report includes all the information about the global biogas plant market, breakdowns, competitive players, applications, etc. decoded. The study also innately determines the market status, barrier analysis, sales breakdown, risks, growth drivers, and opportunities to guide through the in-depth market analysis.

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Biogas Power Plant Market Size, Status and Forecast 2028

1 Market Overview
2 manufacturer profiles
3 Global Biogas Power Plants Sales, Revenue, Market Share and Competition by Manufacturer
4 Global Biogas Power Plants Market Analysis by Regions
5 North America Biogas Power Plants by Countries
6 biogas power plants in Europe by country
7 Biogas Power Plants in Asia-Pacific by Countries
8 Biogas Power Plants in South America by Country
9 Biogas Power Plants in Middle East and Africa by Country
10 Global Biogas Power Plant Market Segment by Type
11 Global Biogas Power Plant Market Segment by Application
12 Biogas Power Plant Market Forecast
13 Sales channel, distributors, traders and resellers
14 Research findings and conclusion
15 Appendix

In addition, key market players mentioned in the report include IES BIOGAS, Biofrigas Sweden AB, Beijing DQY Agriculture Technology, SP Renewable Energy Sources Pvt. Ltd, CEZ Group, Beijing Sanyi Green Energy Development, Agrinz Technologies GmbH, Quadrogen, Swedish Biogas International, Mengniu Dair, Ameresco Inc, Tropical Power, Air Liquide, EnviTec Biogas AG, PlanET Biogas Global GmbH, Hangzhou Environmental Group, Wartsila, Scandinavian Biogas. The company profile provides comprehensive market revenue, future development, industry policies, strategies, and demand analysis with the help of comprehensive market analysis. The study also details the market status, regional distribution, latest innovations, and government policies pertaining to the Biogas Power Plant market. The regional segmentation United States, Canada, and Mexico into North America, Peru, Brazil, Argentina, and Rest of South America as part of South America, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom, France, Spain, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Turkey, Russia, Hungary, Lithuania, Austria, Ireland, Norway, Poland, Rest of Europe in Europe, Japan, China, India, South Korea, Australia, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Rest of Asia-Pacific (APAC) in Asia- The Pacific (APAC), South Africa, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Israel, Egypt, the rest of the Middle East and Africa (MEA) offers the understanding, reach and application of this market. A valuable source of relevant data can be obtained from the report through the competitive and strategic analysis.

Read the full report @ https://www.marketresearchstore.com/market-insights/biogas-power-plants-market-815510

The report also discusses the details such as economic, environmental, social, technological, and political status of the Biogas Power Plant market after observing and studying various factors. Regional profiling of market revenue, size and volume will provide insight into the growth rate of the market over the forecast period. The comprehensive summary of the Biogas Power Plant Market will provide readers with a clear overview of the investment potential in the market. The market research report provides a clear picture to fight competition in the market. All the macroscopic and microscopic footprints of the market are well explained in the Biogas Power Plants Market report.

Segmentation:

By product : Electricity production from livestock farms, Electricity production from industrial wastewater, Electricity production from municipal wastewater

By app : Domestic electricity, Commercial electricity, Others

Here are the questions answered by the market report:

What are the objectives of the report?

This market report shows the projected market size for the Biogas Power Plant Market by the end of the forecast period. The report also examines historical and current market sizes.

Based on various indicators, the charts present the year-on-year growth (%) and the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) for the given forecast period.

The report includes market overview, geographic scope, segmentation, and financial performance of key players.

The report examines the current state of the industry and potential growth opportunities in North America, Asia-Pacific, Europe, Latin America, Middle East and Africa.

The research report includes various factors contributing to the growth of the market.

The report analyzes the growth rate, market size and market valuation over the forecast period.

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What factors are taken into consideration while evaluating the major market players?

The report analyzes companies around the world in detail.

The report provides an overview of the major market vendors including key players.

The reports include information about each manufacturer, such as profiles, revenue, product prices, and other relevant information about the products produced.

This report includes a comparison of market competitors and a discussion of key player perspectives.

Market reports provide information on recent developments, mergers and acquisitions involving key players.

Get more information before buying@ https://www.marketresearchstore.com/inquiry/biogas-power-plants-market-815510

What are the main conclusions of the report?

This report provides comprehensive information about the factors that are expected to influence market growth and market share in the future.

The report presents the current market status and future prospects for various geographical regions.

This report provides qualitative and quantitative insights into the competitive landscape of the market.

Combined with Porter’s five forces analysis, it serves as a SWOT analysis and competitive landscape analysis.

It provides an in-depth analysis of the market, highlighting its growth rates and growth opportunities.

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Government urged to harness local energy sources https://energytower.org/government-urged-to-harness-local-energy-sources/ Fri, 11 Mar 2022 13:23:56 +0000 https://energytower.org/government-urged-to-harness-local-energy-sources/ The government should focus on tapping more indigenous energy resources, especially renewables, to help protect consumers from volatile oil and coal prices in the international market, a producer alliance said on Thursday. renewable energy (RE). Jose Layug Jr., president of Developers of Renewable Energy for Advancement (Dream), at a forum hosted by the University of […]]]>

The government should focus on tapping more indigenous energy resources, especially renewables, to help protect consumers from volatile oil and coal prices in the international market, a producer alliance said on Thursday. renewable energy (RE).

Jose Layug Jr., president of Developers of Renewable Energy for Advancement (Dream), at a forum hosted by the University of the Philippines School of Economics Alumni Association, revealed that the country does not had not caught up with its objective of installing renewable energy capacities.

“Between 2010 and 2022, we only have an additional 2,300 megawatts (MW) of renewable energy capacity left when the target is 10,000 MW more. We need 8,000 MW between 2022 [and] 2030,” he said.

Added to this, he said, are unreliable power plants that are prone to unplanned outages, the rising cost of coal on the international market and the ongoing war in Ukraine.

He said about 35% of installed generation capacity is from power plants that have been in operation for at least 20 years. As a result, the country has seen an increase in annual blackouts, particularly during the summer months.

With the profile of the existing power plants, the average annual call capacity increased to 2,637 MW at the end of the 2019 billing year compared to 2,258 MW in 2018.

In terms of forced outages, the number increased from 1,231 MW in 2019, 1,783 MW in 2020 and 2,045 MW in August 2021.

These problems could even be exacerbated by the coal export ban imposed by Indonesia, the restriction of gas supplies from Malampaya, the increase in oil prices due to the Russian-Ukrainian conflict and delays in the completion of the modernization of transmission lines.

As the country’s economy opens below Alert Level 1, Layug said a peak in demand should be expected next May.

To be able to catch up with the targeted capacity, he suggested that the government should speed up the establishment of new power plants in the country.

“The government should declare the preference or priority of renewables over fossil fuels as a policy to send the right signal to investors,” Layug said.

The government should facilitate the approval of all permits for power plants and encourage distribution utilities and electricity cooperatives to conduct a competitive selection process covering only renewable energy, in accordance with their electricity supply plans.

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On the road to a green economy: improving legislation on renewable energy sources – Energy and Natural Resources https://energytower.org/on-the-road-to-a-green-economy-improving-legislation-on-renewable-energy-sources-energy-and-natural-resources/ Thu, 10 Mar 2022 12:48:43 +0000 https://energytower.org/on-the-road-to-a-green-economy-improving-legislation-on-renewable-energy-sources-energy-and-natural-resources/ The adoption of the law “relating to support for renewable energies” in 2009 created favorable conditions for sustainable development, the diversification of the energy sector and the development of renewable energies (RES). However, investors have suggested certain changes to the legislation based on international best practices to reflect the current state of the industry. Here […]]]>

The adoption of the law “relating to support for renewable energies” in 2009 created favorable conditions for sustainable development, the diversification of the energy sector and the development of renewable energies (RES).

However, investors have suggested certain changes to the legislation based on international best practices to reflect the current state of the industry. Here are some suggestions given so far.

Auction qualification requirements

Bidder qualification requirements determine which vendors are eligible to participate in the auction, including the conditions they must meet and the documentation they will provide prior to the auction. An important aspect of the requirements for large RES projects is the relevant experience of a potential developer.

Currently, in accordance with the legislation of Kazakhstan, to participate in the auction, participants confirm the qualification requirements only for legal capacity providing copies of articles of incorporation, certificates of state registration/re-registration, legal entity details, and application fees for auction participation.1 In addition to the documents, a bank guarantee is required.

As auctions for renewable energy sources generally do not require qualification based on experience, we refer to international practice to examine the advantages and disadvantages.

According to international practice, qualification requirements in terms of experience include the analysis of the following documents:

  • experience in the development of RES installations;

  • experience in operating RES facilities;

  • experience to attract similar amounts of funding.

For example, during the auction organized by the Moroccan Association for Sustainable Energy (MASEN) in 2011, the following experience criteria were taken into account:

  • the candidate company must have experience in the development and operation of a solar power plant with a minimum capacity of 45 MW;

  • no penalties or damages incurred for delays or improper performance;

  • experience in thermal power projects: the candidate company must have experience in the development, operation and management of thermal power plants in the last ten years of at least 500 MW in total, of which at least 100 MW over the past seven years.2

Overall, stricter qualification requirements ensure that the state will have qualified bidders, resulting in better infrastructure in the form of renewable energy sources such as solar, wind and hydroelectric power plants.

However, we note that it would be desirable to balance the implementation of qualification requirements in order to mitigate the risk of barriers to entry for new players in the renewable energy market.

Investment attractiveness

Direct tuning

A direct agreement is a special tool that allows project lenders to claim the position of borrower/sponsor in the event of contractual default, which would otherwise give the project implementer the right to terminate or suspend the contract in question. .

For the financing of RES projects, it is desirable to have an explicit agreement that allows lenders to replace the seller in the event of serious breaches of the power purchase agreement (PPA). As a result, lenders can find a solution that allows them to safely continue building or operating a power plant; otherwise, the project becomes non-viable.

We specify that the direct agreement must be regulated in detail. There should be provisions such as notices to creditors, extension of repayment periods, rights of intervention and the right to novate the PPA in favor of the replacement organization.3

Change in law

It is common worldwide practice for commercial contracts to contain a boilerplate change of law clause that guarantees some compensation in the event of such subsequent negative impact on a party to the contract.

Although the provisions of the Civil Code of Kazakhstan guarantee the stability of contracts, they do not apply, for example, to tax, customs, monetary and other issues related to the performance of contracts and closely related to the performance and contract results.4

To date, electricity producers have not been assisted in the event of unfavorable changes in legislation or regulations. This support should take the form of an adjustment of the PPA tariff in order to maintain economic balance, ensuring that no profit or loss is incurred by the producer as a result of changes in legislation.

Furthermore, we note that in addition to the above-mentioned aspects of SER regulation, the improvement of the PPA model contract provisions by the Financial Settlement Center, changes in tariff indexation and other aspects need to be addressed.

The legislative framework for RES is improving year by year, and we hope that this trend will have a positive impact on the overall development of the RES market and help Kazakhstan on the path to a “green economy”.

Footnotes

1. Order of the Minister of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan of December 21, 2017 No. 466 on approval of the rules for the organization and conduct of auctions, which includes the requirements for qualification of auction bidders, content and procedure submission of an application, types of financial guarantees for the auction and the conditions for their payment and restitution, the procedure for summarizing the results and determining the winners.

2. IRENA, Renewable Energy Auctions: Design Guide, irena.org/RE-auctions guide

3. Understanding Power Purchase Agreements, Second Edition, page 87

4. “General questions of contractual stability in civil law and conditions of stability in contracts of subsoil use”,
https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=31505542&pos=4;-111#pos=4;-111

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide on the subject. Specialist advice should be sought regarding your particular situation.

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Malacañang will publish an EO on the use of nuclear energy https://energytower.org/malacanang-will-publish-an-eo-on-the-use-of-nuclear-energy/ Wed, 02 Mar 2022 12:20:00 +0000 https://energytower.org/malacanang-will-publish-an-eo-on-the-use-of-nuclear-energy/ Malacañang is expected to issue an executive decree soon adopting the national position on nuclear technology that will pave the way for its inclusion in the energy mix, energy officials said on Wednesday. “We seek to ensure energy security. This administration pushed for nuclear power. The president has signed an EO that will include a […]]]>

Malacañang is expected to issue an executive decree soon adopting the national position on nuclear technology that will pave the way for its inclusion in the energy mix, energy officials said on Wednesday.

“We seek to ensure energy security. This administration pushed for nuclear power. The president has signed an EO that will include a nuclear program for our energy development,” Energy Secretary Alfonso Cusi said during the virtual Kapihan sa Manila Bay forum.

“I don’t like anticipating things, but I believe we have the OE for that,” Cusi said.

The Department of Energy submitted to the president’s office the results of the intergovernmental agency’s study on adopting a national position on a nuclear power program in December 2020.

“We heard that the president will make an announcement soon. We heard from the president’s office that the policy will be approved soon,” Undersecretary Gerardo Erguiza Jr. said in a separate briefing.

Erguiza said the study was submitted over a year ago and “we heard that it could be favorably approved by decree,” he said.

President Rodrigo Duterte signed Executive Order No. 116 on July 24, 2020 providing for the establishment of the Interagency Nuclear Power Program Committee chaired by the DOE to conduct the study.

The committee was tasked with submitting its recommendation on a national position on nuclear power to the president’s office.

Cusi is also pushing for the use of small modular reactors and is expected to sign a government-to-government cooperation agreement in the United States on nuclear power development this month.

He said Palawan, Cagayan and Sulu have expressed their willingness to host small modular reactors. “It will be a legacy from this administrator,” he said.

SMRs are advanced nuclear reactors that have a power capacity of up to 300 MW per unit, approximately one-third of the output capacity of traditional nuclear reactors.

Cusi said earlier that SMRs are a game-changer in the global energy landscape because they could be used in places that are unsuitable for large nuclear power plants.

He also urged the public to open up to nuclear power to help the country achieve its energy security and sustainability goals.

“I continue my appeal to my compatriots to open up to the idea. Considering the potential for the safe use of nuclear energy for the country’s energy needs does not mean that nuclear power plants will immediately come out of the woodwork,” Cusi said.

“I believe the time has come for us to embark on a comprehensive national nuclear power program,” the energy chief said.

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Action plan for strengthening the electricity grid to integrate renewable energy sources – EURACTIV.com https://energytower.org/action-plan-for-strengthening-the-electricity-grid-to-integrate-renewable-energy-sources-euractiv-com/ Mon, 28 Feb 2022 08:00:00 +0000 https://energytower.org/action-plan-for-strengthening-the-electricity-grid-to-integrate-renewable-energy-sources-euractiv-com/ The government has improved legislation that facilitates the process, including the recently passed new electricity market law. Read this article in Croatian. The Croatian State Archives hosted the promotion of two expert studies on renewable energy sources in Croatia, initiated by the Croatian Association of Renewable Energy Sources and financed by the European Bank for […]]]>

The government has improved legislation that facilitates the process, including the recently passed new electricity market law.

Read this article in Croatian.

The Croatian State Archives hosted the promotion of two expert studies on renewable energy sources in Croatia, initiated by the Croatian Association of Renewable Energy Sources and financed by the European Bank for Reconstruction and development for an amount of 1.1 million kuna (€146,000).

Action plan for the necessary reinforcement of the electricity network for the integration of renewable energy sources in Croatia, prepared by experts from the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science of the University of Zagreb and the Institute of Energy Hrvoje Požar, and Guide for the development and implementation of renewable energy projects in Croatia prepared by a group of experts led by the consulting company EnergoVizija, has become the basis for investments in renewable energy projects and their integration into the electricity system of the Republic of Croatia and an important support for achieving the objectives set by the 2030 energy development strategy with a view to 2050.

All over the world, and in Croatia as well, we are witnessing a transition in the energy sector towards cleaner, so-called green technologies. This is particularly evident in the electricity sector, where most investments in recent years have been linked to the construction of renewable energy sources.

The director of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Victoria Zinchuk, expressed satisfaction with the preparation of these two studies: “For the EBRD, investing in renewable energy sources is crucial, so we are happy to to have the opportunity to work with the Renewable Energy Association of Energy Sources of Croatia and other stakeholders in the implementation of these two important projects that will help put Croatia on the investment map for all investors international and national organizations and to support the green transition in Croatia.

The Republic of Croatia has set ambitious goals for a greater share of renewable energy sources and has stimulated great interest in the development and investment in wind and photovoltaic power plants, and to achieve this it is important to invest in electricity and regulatory and operational changes . “The Government of the Republic of Croatia has improved legislation that facilitates the processes, including the recently adopted new law on the electricity market and the law on renewable energy sources,” said Ivo Milatić, Secretary of State at the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development. .

Emphasizing that a lot has already been done, but also that the Government is on the verge of adopting decrees and implementing acts, while investors and all other stakeholders have a lot of work to do to apply for energy approvals for new capacities in order to reach the target of 3,000 MW. renewable energy sources by 2030.

Action plan for the necessary reinforcement of the electricity network in order to integrate renewable energy sources in Croatia

“There is probably no area of ​​economic activity in Croatia in which there is greater investor interest than renewable energy sources. More than 200 projects are currently under development, for a total capacity of more than 13,000 MW, representing a total potential investment of probably more than 10 billion euros. Although it is clear that many projects will not be realized in the end, this is still an extremely large and important investment cycle,” said Dr. sc. Goran Majstrović from the Hrvoje Požar Energy Institute. “Despite the great energy potential and the interest of investors, the realization of projects of this type is relatively low – in the last 15 years, around 1,000 MW have been built. There are several reasons for this, and the connection to the grid is one of the three main obstacles to the development of these projects, along with environmental protection and spatial planning,” Majstrović added.

Teacher. Dr sc. Igor Kuzle from the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Zagreb, explained: “The entire public energy sector, as well as utility companies, were mostly unprepared to changes in green technologies, which resulted in far fewer projects than expected. connection of new generation plants in the Croatian electricity system whose peak (maximum) load is slightly more than 3,000 MW”.

In order to continue the investment trend and better integration of renewable energy sources, significant investments are needed in the construction and modernization of transmission infrastructure. The “Action Plan for the necessary reinforcement of the electricity network for the integration of renewable energy sources in Croatia” presented analyzes the current state of the Croatian electricity system and highlights the main obstacles that slow down the integration of renewable energy sources. renewable energy and proposes measures to accelerate it.

The objective is for a country that has been importing around 30% of its electricity every day for 10 years, so that Croatia becomes a country that exports green electricity.

In addition to legislative and regulatory changes, the study contains an action plan for technical, technological and operational measures, where it proposes, among other things, how HOPS, independent transmission system operator in the Republic of Croatia, and HEP ODS, distribution system manager accelerate network reinforcement, network investments required for transmission and distribution network technical requirements for connection and operation of variable renewable energy source and finally resource reinforcement measures human and capacity.

Guide for the development and implementation of renewable energy projects in Croatia
Interest in the development of renewable energy projects is growing, but there is no central source of necessary and important information for project developers and potential investors, explained Petra Dropulić Vejin, Director of Operations at EnergoVizija during the presentation of the study ‘Guide to Development and implementation of renewable energy projects in Croatia’: “Among the main obstacles to the development of renewable energy sources in Croatia are the procedures for granting licenses and administrative procedures. They are complex, require a large number of permits and take a lot of time, which slows down, complicates and increases the cost of developing renewable energy projects. Therefore, this guide provides answers to frequently asked questions and provides key information on the renewable energy market in Croatia, but also contains proposals for measures to accelerate its development.

“These are the first studies of this kind in Croatia and they are proof of excellence, and this synergy between the economy and the academic community, which is a rarity, has proven to be of exceptional quality”, said declared mr. sc. Maja Pokrovac, Director of the OIEH (Economic and Interest Association Renewable Energy Sources of Croatia), expressing her satisfaction and gratitude to all the collaborators of the project, in particular the EBRD, which recognized the importance and the need for these studies in Croatia, but also recognized the OIEH as a driver of change in the sector. “I am happy to announce that we at OIEH have launched two new studies on floating power plants and agro-solar, and their development will again be funded by the EBRD,” Pokrovac added.

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The Most Efficient Renewable Energy Sources (Our Top 5 You Should Know) https://energytower.org/the-most-efficient-renewable-energy-sources-our-top-5-you-should-know/ Sat, 26 Feb 2022 17:38:04 +0000 https://energytower.org/the-most-efficient-renewable-energy-sources-our-top-5-you-should-know/ You ask yourself, “What are the most efficient renewable energy sources available today?” Our top five list will break down, rank, and detail the most relevant benefits that make each of these technologies essential. Starting with the wind, let’s see what the future holds, shall we? 1. Wind When you ask, “Which renewable energy source […]]]>

You ask yourself, “What are the most efficient renewable energy sources available today?” Our top five list will break down, rank, and detail the most relevant benefits that make each of these technologies essential. Starting with the wind, let’s see what the future holds, shall we?

1. Wind

When you ask, “Which renewable energy source is the most efficient?” the wind power is currently at the top of the mountain. The Natural Resources Defense Council recently said this regarding wind energy:

US solar and wind generation is breaking records and integrating into the national power grid without compromising reliability.

That said, wind power is an exceptionally efficient renewable energy source and a rapidly growing segment of renewable energy. It’s sustainable plus “essentially zero carbon, zero pollution and zero water consumption”. (2) For a great visual of the innovations underway, check out this neat video from Tech Vision:

The advantages and disadvantages of wind energy can vary depending on location, but there is significant potential for this source to provide a considerable amount of energy using both onshore turbines and offshore units.

2. Geothermal energy

Geothermal energy is one of the cleanest and most efficient renewable energy sources available, operating 24/7 and emitting little or no greenhouse gases. This type of renewable energy source is not only highly efficient, but has a small footprint and requires no external fuel source.

Geothermal energy is available in most parts of the world, and these power plants have an availability of 90% or more (compared to coal at around 75%) (3).

There are many advantages and disadvantages of geothermal energy, but geothermal resources bring hot water to the surface. This can be useful in a variety of applications such as direct use, electricity, and electric heating and cooling in homes.

3. Hydroelectric

Hydroelectric power is an alternative source of energy that comes from moving water to generate electricity. Classically, it is a question of using dams which make it possible to control the flow of water. Many existing dams in the United States could be retrofitted to produce hydroelectric power, reducing initial costs, but building new dams is expensive and time-consuming.

David Pimentel, reporter for BioScience said:

In the United States, hydroelectric power plants produce approximately 989 billion kWh (1 kWh = 860 kilocalories [kcal] = 3.6 megajoules), or 11% of the country’s electricity, each year at a cost of $0.02 per kWh.

Globally, the maintenance costs of hydroelectric dams are relatively low, such that hydroelectric power currently accounts for approximately 6.5% of total energy production worldwide (4). That said, new emerging technologies called hydrokinetics that harness the energy of ocean currents and changing tides can increase the impact of the hydropower industry around the world.

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4. Solar

Many ask, “Why is solar energy important?” Solar energy is an unlimited form of energy and one of the most efficient energy sources available to just about everyone on the planet.

This carbon-free energy creates a very small amount of pollution during the manufacture of the solar panels, but does not release contaminants into the environment as it generates energy (5).

Solar power is becoming more affordable for residential and commercial applications, and new technologies are enabling higher efficiency rates. When you ask, “What is the most efficient renewable energy source?” solar should be mentioned in conversation.

5. Biomass

Renewable biomass energy can come from many different sources and often uses plants, gases or other materials that would otherwise be wasted. Landfill gas, ethanol and biodiesel are common forms of biomass that are burned as an energy source. In 2019, biomass accounted for 43% of energy consumption in the United States (6).

Currently, wood is the most widely used form of biomass energy. Woody plants, grasses, food crops and algae are also popular.

The advantages and disadvantages of biomass energy vary depending on the material used, but these elements can produce energy that would otherwise require fossil fuels which can harm the environment more and are not as efficient (7).

Read more: Renewable Energy – The Only Clean Alternatives That Matter

FAQs

  • Generally speaking, renewable energy is important because it helps reduce our greenhouse gas emissions, reduce our reliance on fossil fuels, and create a more sustainable future for all creatures to thrive. On the other hand, non-renewable forms of energy often cause pollution that harms the environment, health problems for humans including increased healthcare costs, and their continued use is unsustainable.

    To examine this question in more detail, you can consult our guide: Why is renewable energy important? Our top 10 reasons to know

  • A geothermal resource is a reservoir of very hot water deep below the surface. These reservoirs are mined using wells to release hot water and steam used for power generation.

    A famous location for geothermal energy includes Iceland, where they have several different geothermal resources spread across the country (8).

  • US states that are leading the way in wind energy are Kansas, Iowa, Oklahoma and Texas. In a recent study by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, these states provided more than half of wind power generation in the United States (9).

  • There are many pros and cons of nuclear power to consider, but nuclear power is an efficient low-carbon energy source that accounts for about 10% of the world’s electricity (ten). Some reactors only produce electricity, while others produce isotopes for medical use or for industrial applications.

    However, the natural resources, time, and lives lost to catastrophic nuclear failures like Chernobyl and Fukushima are more than enough to discourage its future viability as an efficient renewable energy source. To discuss this in more detail, you can consult our complete guide on the question “Is nuclear energy renewable?” »

    1. Renewable energy: the clean facts. Retrieved from: https://www.nrdc.org/stories/renewable-energy-clean-facts
    2. Wind Vision: A New Era for Wind Energy in the United States. Retrieved from: https://www.energy.gov/eere/wind/downloads/wind-vision-new-era-wind-power-united-states
    3. Geothermal FAQs. Retrieved from: https://www.energy.gov/eere/geothermal/geothermal-faqs#benefits_of_using_geothermal_energy
    4. Renewable energy. Retrieved from: https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/article/52/12/1111/223002
    5. Renewable energy. Retrieved from: https://www.ucsusa.org/energy/renewable-energy
    6. Renewable energy explained. Retrieved from: https://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/renewable-sources/
    7. Basics of biomass energy. Retrieved from: https://www.nrel.gov/research/re-biomass.html
    8. Geothermal energy. Retrieved from: https://nea.is/geothermal/
    9. Four states account for more than half of wind power generation in the United States. Retrieved from: https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=39772
    10. Nuclear energy today. Retrieved from: https://www.world-nuclear.org/information-library/current-and-future-generation/nuclear-power-in-the-world-today.aspx
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    California Clean Hydrogen Bill targets alternative energy sources for expansion https://energytower.org/california-clean-hydrogen-bill-targets-alternative-energy-sources-for-expansion/ Tue, 22 Feb 2022 17:37:30 +0000 https://energytower.org/california-clean-hydrogen-bill-targets-alternative-energy-sources-for-expansion/ A new “Clean Hydrogen Bill” (SB 1075, Skinner) was introduced in the California Legislature as a means to meet the state’s goals for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating climate change. If passed, this bill would significantly increase the focus on “green hydrogen” as an alternative fuel in the California economy, opening up significant business […]]]>

    A new “Clean Hydrogen Bill” (SB 1075, Skinner) was introduced in the California Legislature as a means to meet the state’s goals for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating climate change. If passed, this bill would significantly increase the focus on “green hydrogen” as an alternative fuel in the California economy, opening up significant business opportunities for companies engaged in the alternative energy sector.

    SB 1075 would create the “California Clean Hydrogen Hub Fund” (“Hydrogen Fund”), making state grants available for “green hydrogen projects.” It should be noted that “green hydrogen” is do not produced from traditional fossil raw material sources. Instead, eligible production paths include:

    • Green Electrolytic Hydrogen (e.hydrogen gas produced by electrolysis which does not include hydrogen gas produced by steam reforming or any other conversion technology that produces hydrogen from fossil fuel feedstock);
    • Steam methane reforming, autothermal reforming, methane pyrolysis, and other pathways that convert biogas, biomethane, ethanol, and other renewable gases and liquids to hydrogen;
    • Gasification, pyrolysis, thermochemical conversion and other conversion pathways of biomass, including the organic portion of municipal solid waste and some organic waste feedstocks;
    • Hydrogen waste or by-products recovered from industrial processes using non-fossil fuels; and
    • Photochemical or photobiological separation of water.

    The Bill would revise the definition of “eligible renewable energy resource” for the purposes of the California Renewable Portfolio Standard Program to include installations that use biomass, solar thermal, photovoltaic, wind, geothermal, fuel cells using renewable fuels, small hydroelectric generation of 30 megawatts or less, digester gas, conversion of municipal solid waste, landfill gas, ocean waves, ocean thermal or current tides, and any additions or improvements to the facility using this technology (and meet certain other criteria). However, a facility engaged in the combustion of municipal solid waste would not be considered an eligible renewable energy resource.

    the Bank of California for Infrastructure and Economic Development (“Bank”) would subsidize new technologies and start-up projects by making loans, issuing bonds and providing financial assistance for eligible projects that “demonstrate and scale production, processing, delivery, storage and end-use of clean hydrogen” and “advancing progress toward a goal of producing or using 15,000 tons per day of clean hydrogen in California by 2030.”

    The bill also requires:

    • the Bank to develop criteria, priorities and guidelines for awarding grants under the Hydrogen Fund in accordance with specified Federal Government priorities and requirements Infrastructure Investment and Employment Act;
    • Governor to appoint (by April 1, 2023) a Clean Hydrogen Center Director to coordinate efforts related to the production, processing, delivery, storage and end use of clean hydrogen ;
    • the National Air Resources Board (“State Board”) (by December 31, 2023), to identify the role of hydrogen, and in particular green hydrogen, in helping California meet the law’s and other climate goals of State ;
    • the Council of State, in consultation with the California Energy Commission (“Energy Commission”) and public utility commission (“PUC)” (by June 1, 2024) to assess the steps necessary for the effective deployment, development and use of hydrogen as an alternative fuel;
    • the Energy Commission, as part of the 2023 and 2025 editions of the State’s Integrated Energy Policy Report, to study and model the potential growth of hydrogen and its role in the decarbonization, as defined, of the sectors electricity and transport economy, and contribute to achieving specified goals;
    • the State Council, by June 1, 2024, in conjunction with the Energy Commission and the PUC, to jointly develop recommendations to the Legislative Assembly on definitions of different hydrogen categories and end uses of these hydrogen categories and authorize the use of the recommendations to the Legislative Assembly to inform the oversight and administration of their respective hydrogen programs and eligibility rules.
    • the Council of State (by June 1, 2024) to (among others):
      • jointly develop prohibitions of double counting (g., emission offsets) of the environmental attributes associated with the production, distribution and use of hydrogen; and
      • calculate lifecycle carbon dioxide intensity values ​​for hydrogen pathways that reflect the fuels, feedstocks, and production processes used to produce them.

    While the total amount of money to be allocated to the Hydrogen Fund is currently unclear, California hopes to include money received from federal appropriations. The bill explicitly states that the Legislature seeks to advance clean hydrogen policies to attract federal funds for a regional clean hydrogen center focused on renewable energy in California.

    As further explained in the bill, the Federal Infrastructure Jobs and Investments Act includes $8 billion to support at least four regional clean hydrogen centers across the United States. The law requires hubs to demonstrate a diversity of hydrogen end uses, including in power generation, industrial operations, residential heating and transportation. The law allocates an additional $1 billion to support research, development and deployment on several electrolysis technologies. The US Department of Energy subsequently identified nine regional clean hydrogen clusters, including California. California is the only state identified as a cluster itself, while the other eight include regions or combinations of states.

    California sees the deployment of green hydrogen power as a key element in achieving its decarbonization goals. Proponents of the bill see large-scale green hydrogen development as a way to help decarbonize energy-intensive industries, including cement and steel production, industry, thermal power plants, agriculture and the transport sector, including light, medium and heavy vehicles. , freight movement, rail, shipping, mining and aviation, and accelerating progress toward the state’s climate, clean air and clean energy goals.

    We follow SB 1075 as it progresses through the state legislative cycle. Stakeholders should also look for future updates as we analyze the significance of this bill to California businesses and their investors/lenders.

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    Why can’t renewable energy sources keep UK energy prices low? https://energytower.org/why-cant-renewable-energy-sources-keep-uk-energy-prices-low/ Fri, 18 Feb 2022 12:13:05 +0000 https://energytower.org/why-cant-renewable-energy-sources-keep-uk-energy-prices-low/ From April 2022, average household energy bills will rise by more than 50% as energy providers face massive increases in the cost of gas. Gas supplies come from global supply chains that are subject to changing market demand and regional geopolitics. And the pandemic, of course, has created all kinds of anomalies. But why, in […]]]>

    From April 2022, average household energy bills will rise by more than 50% as energy providers face massive increases in the cost of gas. Gas supplies come from global supply chains that are subject to changing market demand and regional geopolitics. And the pandemic, of course, has created all kinds of anomalies.

    But why, in the age of renewables, is the UK still at the mercy of gas prices? the contribution to UK electricity generation from renewable sources has more than doubled since 2014. Yet we are in a situation of fossil fuel dependency that will strain people’s finances for the foreseeable future.

    The most obvious explanation is that the capacity of our renewable sources is not yet large enough. the the contribution to the national network is on average around 40%mainly from wind and solar power, biomass and hydroelectricity.

    Learn more about renewable energies:

    Renewables do not contribute more for very good reasons. By using fossil fuels, we have been able to respond to variations in electricity demand by turning more power plants on or off or running them faster or slower.

    With renewable energies, we are always dependent on weather conditions. For example, the the third quarter of 2021 saw energy prices rise due to a lack of autumn winds — renewable electricity production fell by 17% compared to the previous year and gas had to come to the rescue.

    Inter-seasonal storage remains a major challenge for the renewable energy industry. Huge amounts of energy need to be sent around the UK national grid at any one time – an average of over 30 gigawatts, rising to over 40 gigawatts at peak times.

    For the nation to rely on renewable energy, there would need to be huge battery banks to deal with the still cloudy days. Even then, this system would only work for a few days. The technology is not yet available to allow for a week or month of unreliable conditions. Thus, we still currently need fossil fuels to meet the expectations of available electricity whenever we need it.

    One solution to price increases would be to have more control over our “locally grown” gas. After all, about half of our gas supply comes from the North Sea – 30% is imported from Norway, the rest from all over Europe.

    But the UK has to buy its gas as an international commodity on the world market. We pay an aggregate price that is subject to the behavior of other buyers and sellers, and is subject to the global threat and risk environment.

    Some practical supply chain issues have been problematic as COVID-19 has affected the ebb and flow of gas supplies. When industrial production ceased globally, tankers and tankers sat idle.

    Now tankers are rushing to serve Asia, where the biggest surge in demand has occurred. The United States increased LNG supplies across the Atlantic to avoid Europe being ransomed as a result. Global production could be increased to stabilize gas supply and bring prices down – but where are the incentives for an energy industry that profits from sky-high prices?

    The UK could usefully think long-term about localism to minimize its exposure to global markets. It means renewing our belief in the value of distributed contributions to the network, supporting developments at the household, local community and residential scales.

    In this way, individual households would regain control and choice over what they paid for their energy by producing it for themselves. If more of the population installed solar panels on their roofs and had a small battery for storage, they could significantly reduce their need for grid-provided energy, reduce gas demand and reduce emissions. We could start changing the structure of energy demand and basically move to a distributed generation model.

    Reduced dependency would also come from improving the UK’s old and leaky housing stock, with more incentives and private and public money spent on insulating roofs, walls and windows – rather than emergency payments to offset large energy bills.

    The easiest victory of all would be to introduce more progressive planning rules: insist that all new homes be built with excellent energy efficiency in mind; shiny insulation, solar panels, car charging facilities, energy storage and heat pumps; each new house becomes its own little castle of production and energy efficiency.

    The sight of bills in the months or even years to come should be motivation enough to encourage investment in personal and national energy independence.

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    Republic of Srpska adopts new law on renewable energy sources https://energytower.org/republic-of-srpska-adopts-new-law-on-renewable-energy-sources/ Thu, 17 Feb 2022 17:17:58 +0000 https://energytower.org/republic-of-srpska-adopts-new-law-on-renewable-energy-sources/ The National Assembly of the Republic of Srpska has adopted a new law on renewable energy sources, which introduces auctions for premiums for the construction of power plants, as well as an option for individuals and companies to generate renewable energy. green energy for self-consumption, and to establish energy cooperatives. The Minister of Energy and […]]]>

    The National Assembly of the Republic of Srpska has adopted a new law on renewable energy sources, which introduces auctions for premiums for the construction of power plants, as well as an option for individuals and companies to generate renewable energy. green energy for self-consumption, and to establish energy cooperatives.

    The Minister of Energy and Mines of the Republic of Srpska, Petar Đokić, said that the aim of the new law on renewable energy sources is to increase the use of renewable energy, facilitate construction of renewable power plants and to increase the share of green energy in total electricity production.

    The current system of subsidies, with feed-in tariffs or guaranteed purchase prices, has only been retained for small hydroelectric power plants, ground-mounted solar power plants and wind farms with an installed capacity of up to 150 kilowatts, as well as for rooftop solar, biomass and biogas plants up to 500 kilowatts.

    Hydroelectric power plants with a capacity greater than 150 kW are not eligible for subsidies

    All power plants with a larger capacity, but not more than 50 MW, will receive subsidies through premium auctions, Đokić pointed out and added that hydropower plants with a capacity above 150 kW n are not entitled to state aid.

    Only companies with location conditions and environmental permits can apply for the auction. It is possible to request part of the installed power of the planned installation.

    A renewable energy community or an energy cooperative can also receive subsidies in the form of a bonus if the installed power is less than 150 kW.

    Center for Environment: Many of our comments have been accepted

    The Environment Center announced that many of its comments on the Renewable Energy Sources Bill and those of members of Eco BiH, BiH’s largest environmental network, have been accepted.

    The organization said it was proud of the success it had in limiting the incentives for hydroelectric plants to plants up to 150 kW, and stressed that facilities with a capacity above 150 kW would not receive them.

    As a result of the initiative for more opportunities for citizens’ energy projects, prosumers and energy communities have been introduced by law, said Viktor Bjelić of the Center for the Environment.

    He added that the new law removes administrative and financial barriers for citizens to produce energy for their own consumption.



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