The government optimizes the use of POME’s alternative energy sources

The achievement of PLTBg is still quite small, at 120 megawatts. This can continue to be optimized to achieve the objective of achieving the energy mix. During the period from 2022 to 2024, some 50 megawatts of PLTBg should be realized

Jakarta (ANTARA) – The Indonesian government is optimizing the use of alternative energy sources from biogas power plants (PLTBg) that produce green energy from liquid palm oil waste (POME) to achieve the objective of the country’s new and renewable energy mix.

Director of Bioenergy, Directorate General of New Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Edi Wibowo, noted that the installed capacity of bioenergy plants up to 2021 has reached 1,921 megawatts, far from the 5.5 gigawatt target expected to be reached in 2025.

“The realization of PLTBg is still quite low, at 120 megawatts. This can continue to be optimized to achieve the objective of reaching the energy mix. In the period from 2022 to 2024, some 50 megawatts of PLTBg are expected to be realized “, Wibowo noted in a statement here on Wednesday.

Indonesia is the largest producer and exporter of palm oil in the world, as it has a large area of ​​plantations and a huge palm oil factory. In 2018, the palm oil area in Indonesia reached at least 12.8 million hectares and more than 850 palm oil mills were mainly concentrated in Sumatra and Kalimantan.

Not only produced as food ingredients, cosmetics and household cleaning products, palm oil has also become one of the mainstays for the development of new renewable energy in the country.

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All palm oil waste can be used as a carbon-neutral energy source, including biogas, which can be produced by palm oil mill effluent treatment (POME) using anaerobic digester (AD) technology.

A study on the use of POME waste in Indonesia was carried out in collaboration with the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources and the German Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection (BMUV) through the Deutsche Gesselschaft für Internationalle Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.

The study explained that progress in achieving POME’s biogas utilization through 2021 reached 28.39 million cubic meters. This figure represents only 5.9% of the 2025 biogas target based on the General National Energy Plan (RUEN), which is 489.8 million cubic meters.

One of the important points of the National Action Plan for Sustainable Palm Oil Plantations (RAN KSB) 2009 – 2024 is to increase the use of palm oil products as renewable energy within the framework of energy security.

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The Director of Processing and Marketing of Plantation Products at the Ministry of Agriculture, Dedi Junaedi, noted that the Ministry of Agriculture has so far issued at least 759 certificates for palm plantations. oil companies, whether state-run, private-sector or small-scale.

According to the chairman of the Indonesian Biogas Association, Muhammad Abdul Kholiq, certification is definitely beneficial in improving the economy of oil palm plantations.

Meanwhile, Nusantara Plantation Holding business professional Leonardo Alexander Renatus Pane noted that Perkebunan Nusantara operates 10 companies that will be directed to maximize the use of palm oil waste.

In areas with excess electricity supply, POME processing will be geared towards co-combustion boilers and bio-NGV production.

POME has enormous potential to meet household energy needs, both electrical and non-electrical. In addition, POME plays an important role in mitigating greenhouse gases, with the potential to reduce emissions of up to 42.6 million tonnes of carbon dioxide per year.

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